Dr. in de Biologie Speerpunten:dierenwelzijn & gedrag Sleutelwoorden:veelzijdig gedragsbioloog, reptielenwelzijn, dierentuinonderzoek En is ook:dol op haar gezin en de hond, coördinator van postgraduaat Toegepast Diergedrag
A shelter environment tends to present different types of stressors dogs need to cope with. Recent work has shown that olfactory enrichment with essential oils might be able to modify the affective states of certain species (dogs, cats, horses, zoo animals...). In these studies, the welfare measurements included physiological indicators, such as corticosteroid levels, and/or behaviors related to chronic stress. The olfactory effects of 9 essential oils (Cananga od- orata,Cistus ladaniferus, Citrus aurantium, Cupressus sempervirens, Juniperus communis var. montana, Lavandula an- gustifolia, Laurus nobilis, Litsea citrata, Pelargonium graveolens) and a blend of these oils were explored on a cognitive bias test, cortisol levels and the behaviors of 110 shelter dogs (n = 10 dogs within each group). Olfactory enrichment with the blend resulted in a reduced latency to the ambiguous cue, indicating a more optimistic bias and improved welfare. The results of this study suggest that olfactory enrichment with essential oils can have specific effects on the affective states and behaviors of shelter dogs, and could therefore be useful for shelter management. In addition, as not all of the essential oils tested individually were effective, more research should be conducted to better understand the effects of each individual essential oils on dogs.
de Cartier d'Yves, Aymeline ; Mennes, Filip ; De Schrijver, Jelle ; Sannen, Adinda
The effect of environmental provisioning on stress levels in captive green anole (Anolis carolinensis)
On crowded days the King, Macaroni & Gentoo penguins stand and deliver
Van Neck, Lotte ; Roelant, Ella ; Sannen, Adinda ; Stevens, Jeroen ; Vervaecke, Hilde
We investigated the use of space, activity budget and visitor effect in a mixed species exhibit of penguins. The Antwerp Zoo (Belgium) houses King penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus)(n=13), Gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua)(n=6 - 9) and Macaroni penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus)(n=9) in an indoor exhibit (105 m²) with a flat, rocky occasionally icy land area with a small cave and a pool (56 m²). Intra- and interspecific aggressions were scored continuously during 7 hours per day for a total observation time of 231 hours. The activity budget was scanned every 5 minutes, as well as the location of the penguins in the different exhibit areas to calculate the spread of participation index. To analyze the visitor effect we compared 10 days with the highest daily number of visitors (1000 – 5000 visitors) with 10 days with the lowest daily zoo visitor number (200- 600 visitors) of our observation period. The Gentoo penguins were found to use more different areas than the Macaroni and King penguins. Overall, the three species swam very little (on average 10% of their time) in comparison to the natural activity budget and in comparison to another captive study group. Intraspecific aggression was more frequent than inter-specific aggression. Pointing made up half of all the aggressions. During inter-specific aggressions, the King penguins aggressed the other species most frequently, whereas the Macaroni penguins received most frequently aggression from both other species. Desired behaviors such as swimming and the use of different areas of the enclosure, occurred more frequently on days with less visitors, potentially indicating a positive welfare state with few visitors. High visitor number made the penguins passive. On the other hand, aggression was also higher on days with less visitors, possibly due to the increased mobility of the penguins and higher probability of encountering others. So visitor numbers had a mixed effect on the behaviour of the penguins, and implications for welfare need to be further evaluated.